How to conquer GS in UPSC Mains, Explained

By | July 14, 2018

With 1000 marks spanning across four papers in Mains, GS feels like one giant, insurmountable mountain. The point of this article is to convince you that those fears are unfounded.

I’ve written this post assuming someone who had already read the foundational books for GS Prelims. If you haven’t read them as yet, you should first read my post on GS Prelims. At the end of this article, I embedded download links to my complete GS notes and answer copies. There I had marked two particular answer booklets that accurately represent my writing style in Mains. I hope aspirants who are struggling with answer writing find them useful. I had also written previously about my UPSC journey here, and on how to prepare for the Essay in this post.

Marksheet

As you start reading the books I mention here for GS mains, please keep the following points in mind:

  1. Along with these books, get a printout of the syllabus and read it carefully. Your final aim must be: for each topic mentioned in the syllabus, you should have enough content to write a 250-word answer.
  2. Go through the past five years’ question papers to understand the breadth and depth of questions UPSC usually asks. It’ll give you a good perspective of what’s important and what’s not.
  3. Use the internet extensively, especially for topics like Science and Tech. Your target must be to gain knowledge, be it through books or through the internet.
  4. For all subjects, you have to superimpose current affairs over it, especially for GS-2 and GS-3. For both these papers, current affairs form the nucleus. You will inevitably do a lot of reading on the internet, so use Evernote to organise and highlight content like this.
  5. Give adequate time for revision. Without it, you will not be able to recollect whatever you may have read. So please dedicate enough time to it, whether you are giving a mock test or the actual exam.
  6. Many aspirants commit one fundamental mistake: they read and revise, over and over, but never practise. Remember that the examiner checking your copy will have no idea about the number of books you’ve read or the number of hours you’ve slogged. Your answers are all that he has to judge you. So it makes sense to learn it, practise it and perfect it.
  7. Mains exam demands not only our memory and intelligence but also endurance. If you lack prior practice, writing relentlessly for 6 hours a day and do this for 5 days will cause both mental and physical fatigue. The only way to overcome it is to practice enough before the final exam.
  8. General Studies demands only a peripheral understanding of an expansive set of topics. So it’s important that you try to gain minimum sufficient knowledge over a diverse set of subjects rather than obsessively focussing on one topic. For instance, it doesn’t make sense to read World History for three months at the expense of all other subjects. Always maintain that fine balance between all the topics and don’t get imprisoned in one.
  9. In GS, there will be very few questions where you will have absolutely no clue. Even if you only have a vague idea, write those generic points. For instance, in last year’s GS-1 paper, for the question on Malay peninsula, I knew no specific fact except a vague idea that Singapore had a partition story similar to India. So I just wrote a generic answer comprising of problems such as ethnic strife, insurgency, and economic collapse. The examiner checking my copy might have given 2-3 marks for it, which I am sure any aspirant would gladly take.
  10. You must develop the skill to speed read a committee or an organisation’s report on your computer (reading online saves you a lot of time) and highlight important lines as you read along. In the second reading, this highlighted portion is what you need to revise. It should look something like this.
  11. In GS papers, map of India is your most effective tool for illustration. For example, I drew India maps and labelled relevant parts for questions on river linkage (GS-3), North-East insurgency (GS-3), Inland navigation (GS-1), India’s 18th-century fragmented polity (GS-1) etc. Practise it enough so that you are able to draw and label it under 60 seconds.
  12. If you are taking a test series, please give those tests with all the seriousness of the final UPSC exam. In the mock test, if you take 10-15 additional minutes to finish the paper, you are cheating no one except yourself. Observe strict time limits.
  13. You will never feel content with your Mains preparation and there is always a nagging tendency to just keep reading and procrastinate writing answers or skip an upcoming test. You have to overcome this reluctance through conscious effort. Suppose before a mock test if you were unable to finish the syllabus, you can postpone your test by a day or two, but don’t skip it altogether.
  14. Perfectionism is your enemy. If you keep referring to countless sources to make that “perfect notes”, if you keep postponing your mock tests in order to write “perfect tests”, this mentality will bring you to ruin. Getting a good score in Mains is about attempting all questions to which some answers are excellent, some good and many above average. So instead of waiting for that elusive perfection, start imperfect and then keep improving.
  15. When you are buying coaching material, always ask yourself: “what new is this material adding to my preparation?” If you can’t answer that question convincingly, then the material probably isn’t really useful.
  16. Just because I am AIR-1, it does not mean that my notes are the best or that this book list is the last word. If you have been studying some other material, that’s fine, too. To succeed in this exam, the source of material is not important. What’s important is you to understand the concepts, memorise the facts well and have a firm grip over the entire syllabus.

 

Stiffer the climb, better the view.

 

The list of books for GS Mains:

GS 1

Indian Art and Culture

  1. An Introduction to Indian Art – Class XI NCERT
  2. Chapters related to culture in Ancient and Medieval India NCERTs
  3. Centre for Cultural Resource and Training (CCRT) material
  4. Heritage Crafts: Living Craft Traditions of India -NCERT
  • For someone who is starting just now, this topic can overwhelm them. So I suggest beginners read this section after they get acquainted with other GS topics.
  • In Art and Culture, questions asked by UPSC in recent years are more analytical— which requires both the factual content and good analysis to answer the why and how. You can answer such questions well only when you understand the historical background in which such art was produced. This is why it’s important that you read NCERT XI Ancient India for it gives you that historical context.
  • For instance, don’t just memorise features of say, Sangam literature or Chola architecture, but understand the social, political, religious and economic context in which such grand art was produced. They will form the analysis part and will help you write great answers.
  • Make good use of the internet to watch both visual and performing arts to understand how they actually look in real life. You will be able to recollect such visuals more easily. They will help you write a decent answer for questions which you only have a vague idea about.
  • Wherever relevant, draw diagrams to illustrate your answers. For instance, you can draw a rough sketch to show the features of a Stupa, Dravida, and Nagara style architecture, Paleolithic art, Folk arts such as Warli, Harappan pottery etc. You don’t need to be a Michelangelo for this, but you must ensure that the fundamentals are correct. For example, in Warli art, human bodies are represented by triangles, heads by circles and hands by simple lines. Just get these basics right. Link to download diagrams is given at the end of the article.
  • Art and Culture requires a ton of memorisation and there’s really no shortcut to mastering it except through multiple revisions.

Modern Indian History

  1. A Brief History of Modern India- Spectrum Publications
  2. India’s Struggle for Independence – Bipan Chandra (Read selectively for topics not covered in the Spectrum book)
  • Questions on Indian history are something that every serious aspirant will answer well, so you really cannot afford to let go of these questions. If you had done your prelims preparation for this topic well, that is good enough. You just need to practise answer writing.

India’s Post Independence History

  1. India Since Independence by Bipan Chandra
  2. For certain topics, I made notes from this book. Download link is given at the end.

World History

  • I prepared entirely for this topic from this outstanding book: Download
  • Since revising this big book before the exam was difficult, I prepared concise notes from it. I also practised maps to demonstrate major world historical events.
  • Link to download my notes and maps is given at the end of the article.

Geography

  • The study plan is the same as for prelims, which I’ve explained here.

Indian Society

  • This is a generic, nebulous topic with no style or structure. Questions are sometimes vague, philosophical and the challenge we face is not so much in lack of content as in presenting it concisely in 200 odd words. To understand the basics, read NCERT Sociology Std XI and XII. Make concise notes on each topic that includes: a crisp definition, latest statistics, govt schemes, criticism of these schemes; causes of issues such as communalism and regionalism, historical and current examples, their impact on our society, and your suggestions as the way ahead. (you can get these suggestions from the internet or ARC 2 or some committee report). In case if you find good coaching material for these topics, that’ll do as well.
  • For this topic, a generic answer with proper structure and subheadings that cover multiple dimensions is good enough to fetch you marks. You can find my notes at the end of the article.

 

GS 2

Polity, Governance and Social Justice

Static Portion:

  1. Laxmikanth
  2. Polity Notes (this will provide analytical content. Download link is given at the end of the article)
  3. ARC 2 (One of the best reports ever written for the government. It’s been more than ten years since the reports were published, but the content is still priceless. Read complete reports, memorise only recommendations)

Current Affairs:

  1. The Hindu
  2. The Big Picture on RSTV
  3. CivilsDaily current affairs material
  4. I also referred to Insights/ForumIAS current affairs material for topics not covered well by CivilsDaily
  5. PRS India for latest legislation
  6. All India Radio – Spotlight (used to listen during my commute to the office)
  • Open your answers with Constitutional articles. Question on Governor? Art 153 must be there in the first line. Question on Civil Services? Art 312 is where you begin. If there’s a technical term like ‘Parliamentary Sovereignty’, ‘Political democracy’ or ‘Social Audit’ — define them in your introduction telling the examiner what you understand by those terms.
  • Supreme Court judgements are very important. Make a list of important judgements (both historical and current) and quote them to substantiate your answer. For example, when you are answering a question on Free speech, quoting SC judgement in Shreya Singhal vs Union of India case will add tremendous value to your answers.
  • For a debatable topic, always write both sides of the issue even if not explicitly asked in the question. Example: A question might ask: Do you agree that Civil Services is in need of drastic reforms? For this, explain under a subheading why drastic reforms are needed. And in the next paragraph, counter by saying why drastic reforms are harmful. In the end, you can add the view of ARC 2/Hota/Surendranath committee to convey your view and end on a balanced note.
  • For miscellaneous topics like the comparison of Constitutions, RPA Act, SHG, e-Governance etc refer to any good coaching material to have 200-word worth content. Source latest examples and issues from newspapers and quote them in your answers.
  • Prepare thoroughly on Govt policies and bills. PRS India is an excellent resource for all the latest legislation in the offing and The Hindu for policy criticism. But the newspaper is patently leftist and they publish articles incessantly and nauseatingly ranting on policies they don’t like (Eg: Aadhar). But as someone aspiring to be a civil servant, you need to be more dispassionate. This is why you must actively pursue articles with a contrarian and balanced opinions like this and this.
  • Cram latest statistics pertaining to health, employment, women, education, poverty etc. Also apart from committees, you may quote authentic reports from reputed organisations such as Lancet, Transparency International, UNICEF, FAO etc to substantiate your point. I made notes on important statistics that can be used for all papers of GS and essay. Download link is given at the end of the article.
  • Conclusion: Wherever possible, end with a committee/ commission recommendation or observation. For instance, a question on Centre-State relations should invariably end with Punchhi Commission, a question on death penalty with Law Commission and a question on Indian Constitution with NCRWC. Referring to Sustainable Development Goals, Preamble, DPSP is also another good way to end your answers.

International Relations

  • Any good book that adequately covers the historical aspect of India’s bilateral relations.
  • Current affairs: The Hindu, India’s World on RSTV, CivilsDaily or Insights or ForumIAS depending upon the topic.
  • Questions on IR will be almost, always be about the current happenings in the world. But before you run after the Hindu or some other latest magazine for this section, it’s important that you understand the historical background of India’s relationship with other countries. This is indispensable because every bilateral issue that you see in the news can be traced back to history. Once you understand this historical context, this topic becomes uncomplicated.
  • For example, let’s take India China relations. Don’t merely focus on Doklam crisis and troop positioning, but understand the larger context of our border dispute with China, the agreements we had signed starting with the Simla Accord of 1914. For India-Sri Lanka, don’t just concentrate that India voted for or against Sri Lanka at the UN, but understand how India always championed peace between the Tamils and the Sinhalese, the 1987 accord, its fallout, Sri Lankan civil war and what India did during these times. When you have that bigger picture in mind, each part of the puzzle becomes easier to fit in.
  • For miscellaneous topics like diaspora and international institutions, refer to any good coaching material.
  • Draw map wherever relevant. Example: for India-Iran relations, you can draw a rough map to show how the Chabahar port helps us to bypass Pakistan and reach Afghanistan. Act East policy can be demonstrated with arrows pointing from India and showing our specific relationship with Vietnam, Japan, South Korea, Singapore, Australia and ASEAN, MGC, BIMSTEC etc.,
  • Each bilateral relationship or a global grouping is multi-faceted. To make your answers comprehensive, always write a multidimensional perspective that includes: the strategic dimension, defence co-operation, technology, education, culture, diaspora, trade and investment, co-operation in global fora etc.

GS 3

Economy

Static part:

  1. Standard resources I already mentioned in my prelims post
  2. Budget (any coaching material compilation)
  3. Economic Survey (gist)
  4. Niti 3-year Action Plan report (a good resource for policy recommendations that come in handy while you write conclusion)

Current Affairs:

  1. The Hindu
  2. CivilsDaily
  3. I referred to Insights/ForumIAS current affairs material for topics not covered well by CivilsDaily

Indian Agriculture, Land reforms, PDS, Food Processing, LPG, Infrastructure

  1. Mrunal.org
  2. Vision IAS
  3. The Hindu and CivilsDaily for current affairs
  • You need to remember that for GS-3, questions revolve around current affairs and there is no dearth of material. It may sound counter-intuitive, but the trick is to restrict yourself to material that’s good enough for you to write a 250-word answer for all topics. It’s very important that you don’t get sunk under the heap of current affairs and coaching material.
  • So for each topic mentioned in the syllabus, make concise notes from the resources mentioned above. I also found Niti Aayog’s 3-year Action Plan report really helpful for this paper. And just as I had mentioned for GS-2, statistics and committee reports are very important.

Security

  • Vajiram and Vision IAS material
  • The Hindu and CivilsDaily for current affairs
  • Prepare crisp and clear definitions of technical terms such as cybersecurity, terrorism, organised crime, money laundering, left-wing extremism etc.
  • For questions on border security, draw India map to illustrate.

Disaster Management

  • Fundamental reading: CBSE book
  • Prepare concise notes on NDMA (structure, functions, rules etc), international agreements such as Sendai Framework, latest current affairs from newspapers, internet and coaching material.
  • Draw diagrams to illustrate concepts like river embankment, land zoning, watershed management etc.

Environment and Ecology

  • Shankar IAS book
  • The Hindu and CivilsDaily for current affairs
  • My handwritten notes (Download link given at the end)

Science & Tech

  1. The Hindu
  2. Vision IAS Mains 365
  3. YouTube
  • This topic terrifies many aspirants, and for good reason. There’s no single book or resource to help one navigate this section and it all feels like one big haze. But there’s good news: the questions asked in S&T are mostly from current affairs and you are expected to have only a general understanding of the topics.
  • During my preparation, I used to note down in my book whatever scientific term or technology that’s frequently talked about in news. For instance, these days we repeatedly encounter terms such as Artificial General Intelligence, Blockchain, Machine Learning, Cryptocurrency, CRISPR-CAS9 in news and on the internet.
  • Note down all such scientific concepts that are in news and then scour the internet (especially Youtube) to understand them. There are many explainer videos on Youtube that explain the concept so well that even a school student can understand it. For instance, take this excellent video on blockchain technology. Once you see it, it’s impossible for you to miss a question on blockchain and its practical applications.
  • Apart from the above, you need to learn fundamental terms and technologies used in Space (PSLV, GSLV, Cryo Engine etc), Nanotech, Nuclear Research (Fast breeder reactor, Uranium enrichment, Nuclear fission and fusion etc.), Defence (Cruise missile, Ballistic missile, Stealth Bomber etc), Biotech (Gene editing, Stem Cells, GM food etc), Communication (LIDAR, RADAR, LiFi, 5G etc). Any comprehensive material of a coaching institute will be sufficient for this (I referred to Vajiram printed notes).
  • Whatever S&T topic you are learning, always focus on the concept, why is it in news, practical applications, potential threats, benefits far into the future etc. Just do this and you will easily handle this topic in the final exam.

GS 4

  • 2nd ARC reports: Ethics in Governance, Promoting E-gov, RTI, Citizen-centric Administration, Personnel Administration. Read all ARC reports completely, memorise only recommendations.
  • For moral thinkers, Google them to read about their major contributions and for misc topics such as corporate governance, I referred to Vajiram printed material. I also prepared some notes for certain topics (download link at the end of the article)
  • I went through the syllabus and tried to define each term in clear words and simple sentences. I found this exercise very useful because these definitions inevitably formed the introduction to most of my answers. For all of ethics paper, the essence can be distilled as just this: a clear and simple definition of the term and a real-life example to illustrate the concept. You can draw flowcharts and schematics wherever apt.
  • It’s important to understand that each question is an opportunity to display your ethics. This will be best demonstrated by the actions you did or some other personalised/ real-life examples you quote. Reflect on your childhood, school life, college time, professional career etc and glean examples that are simple, unpretentious and at the same time bring out your ethical values clearly. For some questions, you can also quote historical examples from the lives of great leaders.
  • For case studies, my aim was not so much in writing ingenious, extraordinary solutions, but to write something that’s realistic and practicable and finish the paper no matter what.
  • I always started with Q1 and not with case studies because I could not see how one mark in Section B (case studies) is superior to one mark in Section A. I gave equal importance and dedicated equal time to both the sections.
  • Rest of the GS papers have 20 questions each, Ethics has only 14. But don’t let that number 14 fool you. I’ve always found GS-4 to be the lengthiest paper of all. Every question in Section A has many subparts that drain an inordinate amount of your time. In fact, if we go by the absolute numbers, we write more words in GS-4 than in other papers. So to manage your time well: Abide by the rule that you must complete at least 80 marks worth of questions in each hour, irrespective of whether you start with Section A or Section B.
  • Just before GS-4, you would have had written three stressful GS papers that would put your body condition under severe mental and physical strain. But it’s important to stay mentally tough during this crucial period and push your endurance limits so as to survive another 3 hours of relentless writing. Remember that it’s all in the mind— it can be your biggest enemy or your greatest strength.

 

My Notes

GS 1

GS 2

GS 3

GS 4

Misc

Essay

 

My GS Answer Copies

GS 2

GS 3

GS 4

Essay

GS may look insurmountable at first, but remember that it’s always the small steps towards the summit that count. Through effective planning and adequate practice, anyone can conquer it.

My best wishes.

Until next time,
Anudeep.

344 thoughts on “How to conquer GS in UPSC Mains, Explained

  1. Anonymous

    Thanks a lot…. and don’t have words to explain ur kindness …

    Reply
      1. harshita

        have never found such a detailed and simple strategy especially your world history notes… 🙂

        Thank you and god bless you sir

        Reply
      2. Anonymous

        Hello sir
        Great strategy. Can you post more answers written by u to get a clearer picture abt answer writing..

        Reply
      3. Rebica thokchom

        Upto which month do we have to read newapaper and current news for mains and pre respectively sir..

        Reply
      4. suman sourabh

        Hi sir, very helpful post.
        One question, in your answer sheets, you have been using a lot of arrows to save words. Also you are using a lot of incomplete sentences, (Economic survey -> 10.6 million workforce enters every year).

        Is it okay in final exam? Sure it is more easy to comprehend. But it is a little informal.

        please enlighten me.

        thanks a lot and all the best for future endeavours.

        Reply
      5. tanku

        i have face 1st but i have utterfailed pls suggest how can to study the sources

        Reply
      6. Anonymous

        bhaiya plz kya mera answer writting m help kro ge mera copy chack kr ke

        Reply
  2. Anonymous

    Only a few Notifications Give uss Happiness and this was one of them. Thank you sir.
    Sir please, could you review my Note making strategy.
    I notes down things from Newspaper to be invlinclin My E-Notes and here my focus is on major heads like Police Reforms , problems and solution of Agricultural Issues , any reports relevant to these etc.
    I note the fact based things in my notebook only for revision Purposes and keep them Separate as Prelims Focussed (Not included in my Priority Notes) . Is it Correct sir? Please suggest amends, if there! 🙏

    Reply
    1. Anudeep Durishetty Post author

      Looks fine. As long as you are comfortable with properly revising the whole material before the exam, it doesn’t matter how you make those notes.

      Reply
      1. Rebica thokchom

        Upto wich month do we have to read newspaperas and current going news for mains and for respectively

        Reply
      2. pallavithukralblog

        By going through your copies, one could feel why you are AIR 1. Got to learn a lot by just going through the style and structure of the answers.
        Thank you Sir!

        Reply
  3. Dandu Shiva Kumar

    Thanks a lot Anna..
    Today prelims results gone..
    But ur post makes me happy..chala days nunchi waiting e post (how to conquer gs) kosam , actually nenu plan chesukuna mimalni meet avdam ani phoenix event lo, just to know -(when ur going update this gs strategy)
    Luckily it’s happened today ..
    “Once again thank a lot Anna”..!!
    And mee notes no words I’m just blessed
    Its Awesome..!!
    Miru chesthunaa e helps ki ..one day I’ll make u proud of me ..!!

    Reply
      1. Anonymous

        Sir, from which institute u prepare for cse ?
        Which is the best for one to join?

        Reply
  4. Anonymous

    Thank you so much sir.I have started civils preparation this year and your posts are really helpful for us.Thanks a lot sir.

    Reply
  5. MARISHWAR

    thank a lot sir, yesterday only i have downloaded all your answer sheet posted by forum IAS and seeing your answers, i thought about how i am going to do,but surprisingly looking your fb post i have regain my confidence.. Thanks a lot sir.. Congrats and may god bless you all your life sir.

    Reply
  6. Gaurav

    Thanks sir most most valuable information ever , it makes me and other keep progress in bad situations and feeding like grate food in UPSC like examination, thank sir support.

    Reply
    1. Anudeep Durishetty Post author

      GS test series at ForumIAS academy and none for Anthropology.

      Reply
      1. Anonymous

        Sir first of all congratulations for your victory.
        Thankyou so much for guiding us..
        Sir can you please tell us something about public administration strategy ..Please

        Reply
  7. Garima Purohit

    Hello sir I am b. Com final year student Sir I want to ask question that when should I start preparation for upsc examinations….I am beginner so I need your valuable guidance…

    Reply
    1. Anonymous

      CAN U TELL PLZ IF WE CANT GET UPSC WHAT ARE THE OTHER GOVT JOBS AS BACKUP PLAN BCOZ I AM ALSO A BSC 1 ST YEAR STUDENT NOW A DAYS SO MANY STUDENTS ARE STUDYING ENGINEERING SO CAN U HELP ME ANY BACKUP PLAN JOB

      Reply
      1. Anudeep Durishetty Post author

        RBI Grade B, Bank PO, SSC CGL, State PSC, private sector — there are many.

        Reply
        1. Anonymous

          Resplendent personality…sir I am from jk..I listen to many toppers but You are great sir..your behaviour reflects how much empathatic you are…sir Upsc clear hona but Once in my life i wana meet you sir …
          we have many adiminstrator from j and k but I am your fan…your attitute is the superior personality ….God bless u sir…
          VINAY SHARMA From jk

          Reply
    2. Anudeep Durishetty Post author

      You can start now in the final year.

      Reply
  8. Pingback: How to conquer GS in UPSC Mains, Explained by Anudeep Durishetty (AIR-1, UPSC 2017) – Civilsdaily

  9. Anonymous

    SIR Meeru chestuna ee help ki chala thanks sir ye okka topper ni nenu chudaledhu sir intha baga help cheyyadam 2014 toppers nundhi chusa ye okkaru blog lo intha information pettaledu telugu vallalo and nenu oka req chesthuna sir manam intha chaduvu tham kani naku antha ga gurthu undadu sir chadivinadhi ratri chadivithe malli podduna revise chesthe thappa naku gurthu radhu alanti mind nadhi meeru konchem memorise kosam tips chepithe nenu konchem benefit pondhutanu sir plz naku asalu spectrum book chaduvutunte history lo yem ardham kavadam ledhu kani naku oke goal undhi sir civils guarantee ga kottali ani nenu yentha time ayina chaduvutha kani gurthu undadhu plz sir naku ee okka goal undhi plz na comment ni detail ga explain cheyyandi plzzzsss😢😢😢😢😢😢😢😢😢😢😢😢😢😢😢😢😢😢😢😢😢😢😢😢😢😢😢😢😢😢😢😢😢

    Reply
    1. Anudeep Durishetty Post author

      Hi brother, I don’t have any memory hack except the fact that the only way to memorise better to revise over and over.

      Reply
  10. Anonymous

    Hello sir , the book list you provided in earlier post usko hi faithfully follow karne se target complete ho jaega ya fir ye sirf basic h (aur books refer karne ki zarurat hogi kya) .??

    Reply
    1. Anudeep Durishetty Post author

      The book list wherever I had mentioned is the complete list I referred to. And they helped me clear this exam. So I think they should do.

      But if you find any good material relating to current affairs of the year you are giving the exam, you should buy it.

      Reply
  11. Hang inthere

    What a wonderful post sir. Thanks a lot. Exuding positivity and clarity. Sir, I do have a doubt though. I see you emphasising online notes due to the vastness of things we read in this process. Would u also recommend making these notes concise and handwritten for last revision which I assume u have done, seeing your notes. Am I thinking right? Does the medium affect our retention and reproduction of it?

    Reply
    1. Anudeep Durishetty Post author

      I made handwritten notes wherever I felt that the importance of the report/book is too high and me investing time in writing them down on paper was worth it. That’s why the topics I made handwritten notes– ARC 2, World History, India since Independence– are important subjects from which questions would definitely be asked.

      For other reports like NITI Aayog etc, I just highlighted important portions on PDF reader and revised only the highlighted part. Never made handwritten notes coz I felt it wasn’t worth it.

      Reply
      1. vasudha tuli

        Thanks a lot sir. This yardstick will help me in my preparation 🙂

        Reply
      1. Abirami

        Thank you is a very small word sir…u gave such an ample of confidence to face the exam…many could have gained strength sir…still thank u anna

        Reply
  12. Sanjana rao

    Sir, if you can upload the pdf of arc or sugget any summary as to which recommendation can be use where, will be of great help .
    Thank you

    Reply
    1. Anudeep Durishetty Post author

      My ARC notes are uploaded in the post above.

      Reply
  13. sateesh

    Can you mention the name of the book you used for International Relations ?

    Reply
    1. Anudeep Durishetty Post author

      There was one black book by Pearson publications. I can’t seem to find it on the internet now. Might be out of stock.

      But as I said, it doesn’t matter which book you study as long as it covers each bilateral relationship comprehensively.

      Reply
      1. sateesh

        India’s foreign policy : coping with the changing world : updated edition with a new chapter on Pakistan is it this book??

        Reply
  14. Anonymous

    bro this article is really helpful. I request you to come up with an article for 2019 aspirants about how to prepare simultaneously for Prelims & Mains ? How to balance NCERT & standard books reading and daily answer writing? Kindly help bro. Thank you

    Reply
  15. CJ

    Sir, Thanks for such an informative article.
    I have a doubt regarding Notes making. For say – World history notes from Norman lowe, we need to make, but after how many readings ,you made the notes? what should be the approach regarding taking notes?

    Reply
  16. Aditya Arun

    Wow! I’m becoming a fan of your lucidness. This post is as good and helpful as your posts on anthropology. Thank you and wish you an outstanding career in the civil services.

    Reply
  17. Muskan srivastava

    Sir thank you so much for this..I have a doubt, actually I haven’t finished the books you have suggested for prelims..should I complete that first or I can prepare along with this..please guide me sir..

    Reply
  18. Swankita

    Is it necessary to make notes from newspaper as it consumes lot of my time to make handwritten notes?
    Which type of note making is more relevant..hard copy or soft copy notes?

    Reply
    1. Anudeep Durishetty Post author

      I didn’t make notes from newspapers but read them carefully. I’d make a mental note of important recurring issues. I would do this exercise for a week and then on a fine weekend, I would just sit and go through 7 days current affairs compilation from CD/Forum/Insights (choose as per your liking, all of cover the same content anyway) As I read these online compilation, I used to highlight important things so that those highlighted portions became my revision material when I refer to it later.

      Reply
      1. prince kumar kushwaha

        Hi Sir

        Could please share the link for this website, there are many website with the close name.
        It will be really helpful. Thanks Sir and Congratulations 🙂

        Reply
  19. praveen

    hi sir,such an humble effort by you..a simple thanks wouldn’t really reward you except the fact that achieving a good rank and make you a part of my success. Sir,seeing this year prelims paper i was seen that current affairs are being asked from last2-3 years? any suggestion to cover them ?or is it just ok to focus only the last one year current affairs.you reply would help me a lot:)

    Reply
    1. Anudeep Durishetty Post author

      How many questions are asked in CSE 2018 that are beyond two years? I don’t think more than 2-3? If I were preparing for CSE 2019, I will not start reading current affairs older than 2 years, just to answer those two odd questions. The RoI is too low. But covering current affairs of last two years before the exam is something you should do. UPSC questions usually have that time lag of 1 year. So a burning issue at the start of 2018 is usually asked in Mains of 2019.

      Reply
  20. Dungar

    after not getting through the PT, (by a very narrow margin).. this is the post which made me realize the mistakes and the acceptance of the same..
    did not think even single time about leaving this phenomenal journey of UPSC, come what may..
    your posts and simplification about this is greatly helpful..
    thank you Bhrata.. ../\…

    Reply
  21. Manisha

    First of all thanks a lot sir for the post. I am going to ask you a vital question. At present I’m serving in the state government as class 2. I have decided to prepare UPSC this year for the first time *Would you suggest me to take any online coaching? Or should I read books and notes of Shankars ias If so, please suggest me the best coaching online. _ Thank you.
    Manisha

    Reply
  22. Anonymous

    Hello sir!! First of all congrates on ur succession. Really down to earth sir. Awesome information .

    Reply
  23. Rohit

    Firstly Hearty Congratulations for your success!!!.I really love what you’re doing for the aspirants. This is too much to ask but please share your evernote notes by making it public and share the link. That would really give us insight on how to make notes and organize and also your notes would help us supplement our own material. Thanks Anudeep 🙂

    Reply
  24. Subhajeet Chakraborty

    Sir, this may sound like a stupid question but can you tell me what pen you used? I feel like my pen selection is hampering my speed, its possible i am blaming external things for my own failings, but I’d like a suggestion on this.

    Reply
  25. Madhu

    Thank’s a lot brother for sharing valuable information ..

    Reply
  26. Amrendra Bhatt

    Sir which test series will be good for mains 2019…forumias or vision ias…
    Plz rply

    Reply
  27. midhun

    your every article is a gold mine for aspirants.. many thanks and wish you all the happiness and success sir..

    Reply
  28. Kishan

    Anudeep sir
    Failed three pt and not able to take charge of my self, where I m lacking. Perhaps time which I give to state PCs xm(qualified jharkhnd pcs and other pt xm) since state xm took more time to complete the whole. Still struck in jpsc mains due to postponement. Plz suggest what shld I do now….wholeheartedly upsc 19 and leaving all other xm or…..I think upsc wants one yr full dedication which I didn’t give till now….
    Due to other pcs xm.family pressure too.plz guide me

    Reply
  29. Anonymous

    Hello Sir,
    Did you make notes for each and every topic? For me making notes it’s taking too much time. Could you please guide me how to overcome it?

    Reply
  30. niranjan singh

    Hello sir,
    I have two small queries regarding CSE preparation and Answer writing practice.
    1- Beginner, If not doing coaching, preparing accordingly with syllabus, how to know that preparation is heading in right direction (in any doubt)?
    2- How to initiate the answer writing practice from Day 1 of preparation if we don’t have valuable points regarding question?
    Thankyou.

    Reply
    1. Anudeep Durishetty Post author

      I didn’t make notes from newspapers but read them carefully. I’d make a mental note of important recurring issues. I would do this exercise for a week and then on a fine weekend, I would just sit and go through 7 days current affairs compilation from CD/ForumIAS/Insights (choose as per your liking, all of cover the same content anyway) As I read these online compilation, I used to highlight important things so that they became my revision material when I refer to it later.

      Also whenever I used to read an important article on the net, I used to file it under relevant head on my Evernote.

      Reply
    1. Anudeep Durishetty Post author

      Haha, I am a big fan of that series. Sometimes on weekends, I’d binge watch all the videos. So yeah, the title is inspired from Vox.

      Acute observation, Shanti! 😀

      Reply
  31. Thulasyy kosana

    Thank you so much sir… this work of yours may help us a lot.. thanks a lot..

    Reply
  32. pramila

    hello anna….congratulations. You are truly an inspiration for all of us. i am just confused with current affairs magazine anna. As in which one to choose? Is one compilation is sufficient for a month? And you read EPW, IDS etc

    Reply
  33. Priya Sharma

    Sir how to read ncert from class 6-12…..also how to make short notes….bcz when i start studying …i fell like everything is important ….n i m thorough with upsc syllabus …..also tell me govt website from which i can get relevant information for upsc…..pls pls answer me ….. I will be thankful to you….

    Reply
  34. Amit Ranjan

    Sir can you please share Your list of Importnat SC Judgements which we can use in our gS answers.. I heard you on youtube saying that we must use constituonal artilces and SC judgements wherever we can.. It will be great help if u share that too.. Thank you very much for sharing and helping UPSC aspirants. Thanks once again.

    Reply
    1. Anudeep Durishetty Post author

      My friend, these things you have to do it yourself. It’s not a difficult task for a serious aspirant.

      Reply
  35. Jayanthi Raj

    Sir, again regain my energy. After read your notes.

    Reply
  36. Tannu Kumari

    Sir thanks a lot. What a well written notes. Your each and every notes are very valuable for us . It gives us the motivation, confidence, and courage that we can also crack upsc.

    Reply
  37. Anonymous

    Sir,From which month onwards Current Affairs should be prepared for CSE 2019 prilims and Mains ?

    Reply
    1. Anudeep Durishetty Post author

      Given the recent trend of questions in Prelims, I’d say two years.

      Reply
  38. Jayanthi Raj

    Sir, I am from tamil nadu. I coming from one of village to Chennai for civil service preparation. I have lack of guidance in the last one and half year. I saw the site yesterday night. Really I feel happy.

    Reply
    1. Anudeep Durishetty Post author

      People like you are the prime audience for this website. Really happy to know that you are finding posts useful.

      Best wishes!

      Reply
  39. Jayanthi Raj

    Sir, every topper active just beginning of the time only. I heard your speech in the you tube line.I feel You have something is different than others. Please keep the unique each and everything. Please contact every students regularly. Thank you sir. Thanks a lot.

    Reply
  40. Anonymous

    I have graduated from a normal engineering college unlike from a IIT or NIT or BITS .Will dat make a difference Anna ?

    Reply
  41. Anonymous

    Sir can you do a blog post on Public Administration too?

    Reply
  42. Shashidhar

    Respected Sir,
    I’m shahsidhar studying 2nd year btech, I am the beginner of CSE ..i have seen & learned many things from ur post ..so i am going to prepare for CSE now on words.
    since i am preparing for prelims,i have seen books list from ur post and these books are enough for mains too? sir

    Reply
  43. pradeep kumar

    Thank you sir for sharing your strategy….
    I have cleared prelims 2018 but i was in a muddled situation on how to prepare for mains…Ur strategy helped me a lot……
    Thanks a ton…

    Reply
  44. sateesh

    I will be writing the CSE exam for the first time in 2019.
    Me and my friends (almost everyone who are writing for the first time) we want to ask you about the way you read a book while preparing for the exam.
    Did you read one book (related to one subject) completely and started reading another book or did you read various books (related to different subjects) in parallel and prepared short notes after reading them?
    For example if you started reading Lakshmikanth’s Indian polity or any other book, How did you read
    it?? Did you read it in parallel with other books or did you specially dedicate certain amount of time only for reading a particular book??
    Also in a video you said that you would fix daily, weekly and monthly targets and try to complete the targets and i right now i am following the same principle. Thank you.
    And also when you wrote the exam in 2017 you had only anthro as something which you had to prepare completely right from the scratch but since i am a beginner i have to prepare GS-1,2,3,4 essay and anthro ( since i took anthropology as my optional) for 2019.
    So based on your experience what should i do? Should I prepare for all the topics belonging to GS-1,2,3,4 in parallel everyday and complete them or should i complete one topics related to gs1 and then topics related to gs-2,3,4. Maybe you faced the same dilemma when you wrote the exam for the first time.
    Awaiting for your reply……………..

    Reply
    1. Anudeep Durishetty Post author

      Please ask short, pointed questions.

      Reply
      1. sateesh

        i just want to know how you studied a book. Did you complete reading the book completely without reading any other book or did you read various books at once on a particular day while preparing for the exam

        Reply
  45. Sireesha

    Thank u sir for giving guidance and sharing lot of ur experiences with us.

    Reply
  46. Sireesha

    I hope your guidance till my exam complete in 2019 target. If you are available I may happy sir.

    Reply
  47. Anonymous

    Hello sir, please tell how you managed the time during job for upsc preparation.
    Thanks

    Reply
  48. sonu srinivas

    Thanks a lot brother for showing a light for all the civil service aspirants can you share how meditation helped you to focus and how u practised it can you share it another post..!

    Reply
    1. Anudeep Durishetty Post author

      I will write a detailed post on it.

      Reply
  49. Kamlesh Gurjar

    Thank you very much Sir for such a valuable inputs. 😊😊It will ease and direct in proper way for Study also.

    Reply
  50. Anonymous

    Thanks a lot Sir for sharing this Mains strategy.I have attempted 2018 prelims bit couldn’t cleared it.Now I’m preparing for 2019.So I want to practice answer writing and want to take mains test series. Could you please tell if it is the right to opt for mains test series now? If not when is the right time to start?
    Thanks in advance sir😊

    Reply
    1. Anudeep Durishetty Post author

      Yes, prepare now as if you’ve cleared this year’s Prelims. This preparation will help you immensely next year.

      Reply
  51. Saumya srivastava

    You are really a mind blowing personality!!!!!! Thank u so much for this outstanding post!!!! It’s going to help me a lot!!!!

    Reply
    1. Anudeep Durishetty Post author

      Once you are done with your syllabus.

      Reply
  52. Chandra Acharya

    Hi Anudeep,

    Congratulations and many thanks for your detailed post on CSE preparation strategy.

    I have a query on answer writing.

    Is it advisable to do it on a daily basis or a Mains test series will suffice ?

    Best wishes.

    Reply
    1. Anudeep Durishetty Post author

      I didn’t have time to do daily practice for answer writing. I found test series to be sufficient.

      If you have enough time, there’s no harm in practising daily. But remember that it’s not a substitute for test series. You still need to give a test series because writing one answer is entirely different from writing 20 answers in 3 hrs. Your endurance and speed won’t be tested during daily answer writing practice.

      Reply
  53. Vamshi

    Hello Sir,
    I gave prelims 2018 but I could not qualify.
    And I started Mains test series for 2019.
    Preparation is going well,but I could not make notes in simplified way. How to cut short notes?
    Can you please give suggestions sir.

    Thanks,
    Vamshi.

    Reply
    1. Anudeep Durishetty Post author

      You can condense your notes when you understand the content fully. This skill builds over time. Try small– you can write (in your own words) a precis distilling important points from a newspaper article. And then see after a day or two, if you are able to recollect the article just by seeing your notes.

      Think of your words/lines in your notes as indices to the larger content from standard books. By looking at that line you must be able to recollect the crux of the paragraph in the original source. Have a look at the notes I uploaded and try to discern how one paragraph can be diminished into one line, one line into one word.

      Reply
  54. Anonymous

    I read it almost everyday. Thank you! Immense positivity I get. Hope to conquer it in my 2nd and last attempt in next year. One question. Have you made notes from Economic Survey, Budget and India Year Book? Or the compilation available? How to cover these better?

    Reply
    1. Anudeep Durishetty Post author

      No, no and no.

      Compiled versions of these books are available in Mrunal.org. I never read India Year Book though.

      Reply
  55. Debjani Biswas

    I read it almost everyday. Thank you! Immense positivity I get. Hope to conquer it in my 2nd and last attempt in next year. One question. Have you made notes from Economic Survey, Budget and India Year Book? Or the compilation available? How to cover these better?

    Reply
  56. Shubham

    First of all , thanks sir for sharing such a great guidelines with us….
    Sir ,
    Can you guide us “subject wise”
    i.e. how and how much to study for a subject….?

    Reply
  57. Krishna

    Hi Anudeep. Congratulations first of all!

    I have cleared prelims this year and joined in a test series at Hyderabad. Sadly, the review is not up to the mark and now I’m confused a little if I should go for Insights online testseries ( they are starting a new one next week ).

    How important do you think a good review is in these last 2 months? I have been scoring in 70s in GS papers so far.

    Reply
    1. Anudeep Durishetty Post author

      The point of writing a test series is two-fold: One, you get to understand how an actual exam feels like and two, you get to improve on your answers from effective feedback and also by looking at good answers written by people who scored well in that particular test.

      If your current test series isn’t fulfilling these basic criteria, time to change it.

      Reply
  58. Nikhitha

    Thanks a lot Sir for sharing this mains strategy.😊
    I have attempted this year prelims but couldn’t cleared it.Now I have started preparing for 2019.I have started writing answers and want to join mains test series. So could you please let us know if this is the right time to take test series.If not what is the right time to take?

    Reply
    1. Anudeep Durishetty Post author

      Yes this is the right time. Start writing tests that deal with particular sections rather than comprehensive syllabus.

      Reply
  59. Anonymous

    Hello Sir!!! Please share your evernote anthro articles. Would be quite helpful. I’ve no guidance or coaching. They will help us greatly Anudeep.

    Reply
  60. bharathindian

    sir, iam confused whether to read “old NCERT books” or “new NCERT books”.
    (1) Actually, what are the differences between them.
    (2) For both prelims and Mains which NCERT books you had studied for GS1, GS2, GS3, GS4 .
    (3) Please guide me what to read in “old NCERT books” and what to read in “new NCERT books”

    Reply
  61. Apurva Patil

    thank you so much sir,,when someone like me can not go for coaching, you are the SUN for me..!! such post gives us strength and confidence..i am very grateful.. 🙂

    Reply
  62. Anonymous

    thanks a lot for ur wonderful article sir.you are inspiration for me
    sir i started preparation for upsc in july 2018(this month) shall i start answer writing from now itself/
    start after completing my half preparation.
    than you sir

    Reply
    1. Anudeep Durishetty Post author

      Not now. Your focus now must be on getting conceptual clarity. Start writing answers once you finish the entire syllabus at least once.

      All the best, Anonymous!

      Reply
  63. Anonymous

    Hey anudeep are you an INTJ? Just curious please don’t mind…

    Reply
    1. Anudeep Durishetty Post author

      I have no idea what an INTJ is, and why would you think so?

      Reply
      1. Anonymous

        I just thought you were an introvert. Anyway, thanks for replying to my absurd and irrelevant question.

        Reply
  64. nitish

    Anna, Is it necessary to prepare for other exams while preparing for civils? considering the limited career options available to an average student graduating from average college.

    Reply
    1. Anudeep Durishetty Post author

      Yes, career back up is important. I started looking for a job after my first failure (and two years of unemployment)

      If I were to suggest someone, I do not recommend anyone to stay unemployed for more than 2-3 years. It becomes that much harder to get a job if you do not make it with UPSC.

      Also I always believed that if your first attempt was without a job and you had made all the notes and gave a serious attempt, for your it wouldn’t require your 12-14 hrs everyday to crack the exam.

      Again this is a personal opinion. You are the best judge to decide what’s good for you.

      Reply
  65. Vijay kumar

    Bro… is Telugu manditary language for upsc
    As am poor at Telugu language
    How could I work upon it
    Plz suggest me
    Just following ur blog.
    For my preparation bro…..

    Reply
    1. Anudeep Durishetty Post author

      One Indian language is compulsory for Mains. It’s not that difficult, really. One only needs to get 33% to qualify it.

      Just read the vernacular newspapers and note down terms for words like democracy, constitution, climate change etc. These will help in Essay. Solving previous years question papers also helps you clear the test easily.

      Reply
  66. nandini

    sir how to choose optional ? based on the length of the syllabus or its our own intrest on the subject ?

    Reply
  67. Kuchi

    Hey!

    I couldn’t clear my first Prelims 2018. Now, I have joined MGP 2019 (Test every Wednesday till march). While tests are going fine, I’m unable to devote time for consolidating my optional notes (Sociology). Also, revision of Prelims books has taken a backseat. Any advice for arriving at a balance here?

    Reply
    1. Anudeep Durishetty Post author

      You can start reading for Prelims after this year’s Mains. Now is the time to prepare for Mains as if you’ve cleared Prelims this year itself.

      It’s not necessary to give all tests. I was very choosy as to what to write and what to skip based on my then schedule. So let’s say if there’s a test on World History and there’s another test one month later that covers World History one more time. So you can skip the current test and concentrate on optional.

      Make a plan in advance, choose tests as per your needs, skip the rest and prepare for optional simultaneously.

      Reply
  68. Shrre

    Hello sir, is it required to make notes from civilsdaily current affairs, if not how to revise it? or making notes from Hindu alone is enough? I am an working aspirant, so I don’t have time to read many sources for current affairs, please give some suggestions for following current affairs regularly.

    Reply
    1. Anudeep Durishetty Post author

      I answered this query in one of my previous comments.

      Reply
  69. Anonymous

    Tq very much sir for creating this blog and helping all the upsc aspirants

    Reply
  70. Anonymous

    Hello sir,
    What is the ideal time to start answer writing practice?

    Reply
    1. Anudeep Durishetty Post author

      After you’ve read the complete syllabus at least once.

      Reply
  71. Sunil

    Hi Anudeep

    I have been failing continuously from last 3 prelims but the bigger problem is that I couldn’t figure out my exact mistake.

    There has been a small margin always in my marks and cutoff. My freinds suggested me to attempt at least 85 ques instead 70 in order to be on safer side but I could not do that if I have no idea.
    Also I am marking wrong answers after eliminating 2 options.

    1. How to overcome this situation?

    2. Is there need to improve knowledge base ?

    3. Are test series really useful?

    I am confused to invest 1 more year in preparations (practically) but I still feel I can do it.

    I know this is subjective query but I will be glad if u can share some experience

    Thanks and sorry if u find this question irrelevant and wasted ur time.

    Reply
    1. Anudeep Durishetty Post author

      Hi Sunil,

      A good friend of mine, Abhijeet (AIR-19) had written about it: https://iasbaba.com/2018/05/prelims-tips-topper-abhijeet-sinha-rank-19-upsc-cse-2017-iasbabas-ilp-student-scored-163-152-6-2-attempts-shares-preparation-strategy-special-focus-prelims/

      Hope it helps.

      And remember that just because you have not cleared Prelims 3 times, it doesn’t mean that you are far off the competition. It’s just a matter of 5-10 marks, 2-3 questions, give or take.

      Last year’s AIR-2 Anmol’s Prelims score was the exact cut off. So don’t lose hope.

      All the best!

      Reply
  72. abhishek goyal

    Sir only one question,what was the average time u took to write one answer which also included flowcharts and diagrams and in how much time u were able to complete the whole paper ?

    Reply
    1. Anudeep Durishetty Post author

      1. Around 9 minutes for a 12.5 mark question.
      2. 3 hours, on the dot.

      Reply
      1. Anonymous

        hello sir myself from hyd…i do have a doubt that ..can transplant(kidney) receipents apply for upsc?? inspired a lot from ur humble and decent explainatiion offline/media etc..huge respect sir

        Reply
  73. Saumya srivastava

    Sir i am finding a lot of difficulties in geography.can pmfias will be helpful for covering geography ??? And one more question is that is it necessary to have a deep study of geo our just to the point?? Please give reply…..your reply is valuable😊

    Reply
    1. Anudeep Durishetty Post author

      Yes, pmfias is pretty comprehensive. You need to study upto a level that’ll enable to answer the questions well.

      Reply
  74. Anonymous

    Hello sir…what would be better..to study both optional and gs together from starting… or …to study first all the gs papers and then the optional

    Reply
    1. Anudeep Durishetty Post author

      I’d prefer starting both simultaneously. Maybe dedicate one week to each.

      Reply
  75. Anonymous

    Hi Sir, I want to join the mains test series of Forum IAS or Insights.But I’m confused which one to choose..Can I know your opinion?
    And could you please let us know the non-fiction books which are useful for UPSC answer writing skills.

    Reply
    1. Anudeep Durishetty Post author

      Either is fine. Choose as per your convenience and liking. I wrote all about coaching in my other blog post. Go through it once.

      I mentioned in one of the comments here. Please see.

      Reply
  76. Xperiac

    Sir I graduated in BA, I took coaching only for paper 2 last year
    So should I take coaching for anthro this year or aftrr prelims
    Pls reply

    Reply
  77. Vijay naik

    Hii annaya congratulations
    Essay,ethics and GS mains answer writing structure chepputhara Ela rayaloo please.
    Thank u

    Reply
  78. Ashish Kattela

    thanks sir for providing detailed workout plan to build aspired carrier… be blessed sir….

    Reply
  79. Anonymous

    sir, iam confused whether to read “old NCERT books” or “new NCERT books”.
    (1) Actually, what are the differences between them.
    (2) For both prelims and Mains which NCERT books you had studied for GS1, GS2, GS3, GS4 .
    (3) Please guide me what to read in “old NCERT books” and what to read in “new NCERT books”

    Reply
  80. Shona Sharma

    Hello Anudeep sir…its really a great pleasure talking you in this life :-).. first of all CONGRATULATIONS for clearing such brainstorming exam and that too with such a beautiful Rank..sir like me, crores of aspirants have now became your FANS ….Its really a matter of proud which you gave to your family friends relatives and Nation..Country like India needs personalities like you…

    sir my name is Shona Sharma ….and…i too want to be an IAS officer and to bring ‘n’ numbers of positive and quick changes in the society …..
    As soon as i heard about your success story,i started searching the precious guidelines of yours…they are extremely very helpful & valuable..thank you sooooooooooooo much sir…
    But like every aspirant,i too have a doubt regarding the UPSC mains syllabus..
    can u please tell me about the UPSC mains DETAILED syllabus especially of GS-1,2 & 3 papers(excluding current)….UPSC’s government website gave information regarding names of subjects and ”few” topics superficially…but UPSC asks questions about many ”unmentioned” topics too(talking about static portion)…
    sir its really tough and next to impossible to find those unmentioned-unsaid topics ,especially by fresher aspirants like me..furthermore UPSC has no formate..
    Sir i think you are the perfect person who can give me solution,who can provide list of those unmentioned topics , on the basis of your past research, knowledge and experience …
    Sir it will be really a great help from your side, if you kindly can…
    waiting for your positive reply 🙂
    Thanking you sir..
    JAI HIND,………..

    Reply
  81. Anonymous

    Sir, Please suggest me a book for International Relations !

    Reply
  82. Anonymous

    I am into second year of preparation Anna,I have ambiguity regarding whether i should completely
    focus on preparation or simultaneously prepare for other exams like CGL,RRB,RBI ..but focusing on other exams is affecting my flow of preparation…should i just channelize my energy towards this one serious attempt ?

    I request your valuable Opinion Anna .

    Reply
    1. Anudeep Durishetty Post author

      Aim for UPSC for now. If you don’t make it in the first attempt, start preparing for other exams as career back up.

      Reply
  83. Anonymous

    sir how much time you think ideally to complete syllabus if fresher along with optional.so that we can plan accordingly.thank you so much for ur wonderful article sir

    Reply
  84. Bhupinder kaur

    Hello sir! Congratulations.

    Please, can you upload an article on study plans for UPSC subjects
    Especially focussing on whats important and what are the topics to be avoided.

    It would be a great help.

    Reply
  85. Swankita

    After doing class 10th history NCERT,whether i should do 11th and 12th history (all theams)
    Or directly spectrum after 10th??
    Or somthing else to read for history

    Reply
  86. Arya

    Suggest me the type of note making – Soft copy notes or hand written notes?
    Is it required to make separate notes for pre and separate for mains ??

    Reply
    1. Anudeep Durishetty Post author

      Soft copy or hand written doesn’t matter as long as you can revise them before the exam. Choose as per your liking.

      I made handwritten notes if the topic fulfilled two criteria: it’s relative importance and how big the source of the topic is. So for instance, World History is very important and questions will definitely be asked every year. And it’s impossible to revise it all just a day before the exam. So i had made hand written notes. For others, I stuck with online notes. (Especially for current affairs)

      Reply
  87. Anjali

    Thanku so much sir. The all standard book u mentioned is sufficient or we require some coching material also for preparation if yes so which should I purchase, because I am preparing by own

    Reply
  88. RAMA DEVI

    sir ,thank u soooo much sir,please tell me one thing sir,i am preparing this exam for last 3years, ,sir i want to get the first rank sir ,how? that means i am not asking about hardwork ,but only one thing ,how does your thoughts going on in your mind at the time of your preparation ,please undestand my question and tell me anser sir,i am in AP but no lady get the first rank ,please tell me,this is my goal at the same time i want to think for this rank ,this thought is correct or not in this preparation .

    Reply
  89. Vamshi

    Hi Sir,

    I have joined mains test series for 2019.

    I have done GS coaching.

    Presently I am taking Telugu optional coaching in Hyderabad.

    Can both will be covered?

    Will there be any difference between writing offline or online?

    Can you plz give suggestion if I write offline?

    Thanks,
    Vamshi

    Reply
    1. Anonymous

      Brother nuvvu coaching ye centre lo theesukunna and yela undhi brother coaching akkada

      Reply
    2. Anudeep Durishetty Post author

      1. Yes.
      2. No.
      3. Didn’t understand your question.

      Reply
  90. Din

    @ Anudeep Durishetty Hello sir i hope u r well n good
    Will u please how did u mastered this way of writing in “condensed” point
    This is really amazing skill ,i m toiling my hard ,or it will develop slowly.
    Hope u ll notice it ,if time permits u

    Reply
  91. chethan dp

    Hello sir
    I am from karnataka. Right now I am 24 year old and get govt job in my state as junior civil engineer but still I am not appointmented, it will take another 6 month. I am confusing about to take exam which are engineering service and UPSC. I trying to prepare simultaneously with option subject as civil engineering but people offtenly talk about commission going to cancel the optional subject. It is the my major concern.

    Could I take engineering service or UPSC exam?
    Give some suggestions sir please replay

    Reply
    1. Anudeep Durishetty Post author

      1. Don’t waste time in unnecessary speculation. It’s not in your hands. For now, start preparation sincerely.

      2. It’s a personal decision. You are the best judge of what fits you.

      Reply
  92. Anonymous

    Sir, I m preparing for 2019, what is the right time to start making topic wise notes of syllabus. As a beginner I will be completing static books by end of October and even then I feel the need to revise those books again. Within a single day one has to read current affairs, optional, mains answer writing nd static so I think there’s very little or almost no time till december.
    Please suggest

    Reply
  93. Raj

    Hello Sir,
    Your blog has been of immense help.

    World history text book, the one which you referred to, is picturesque and interesting to read. Did u just refer to it or used any other source in addition to it?
    Thank you🙂

    Reply
    1. Anudeep Durishetty Post author

      Yes, it’s absolutely fantastic. That’s the only book I read for World History. I loved it so much that after Mains, I read it cover to cover.

      Reply
      1. Raj

        Oh really
        That’s great
        I am finding it too interactive and it doesn’t leave a chance to get bored anywhere!
        I have to thank you for letting me know about the book
        And thank you for your kind reply Sir.

        Reply
      2. Shweta Pawar

        Hello Sir
        Firstly I wanted to say the book which you recommended for world history is really a very good read …My question is Can we skip the initial units of the book as they are entirely on prehistory and jump on the units that cover the events from 18th century ?
        P.s- because according to our gs1 syllabus we expect questions from 18th century only , not from prehistory!
        Thanks in advance:-)

        Reply
  94. Rajnandini Chatterjee

    Thanks for this detailed strategy and the link to that world history book. I didn’t want to buy norman lowe and this book is far easier to read than any UPSC text

    Reply
  95. Anonymous

    Sir, First of all congrats to you for your outstanding performance in the exam.
    About the answer writing practice, how did you evaluate your answers from the beginning itself? Did you compare yours answers with answers from any site or did you join any test series for it?
    I am doubtful whether it is useful to join a test series from the beginning itself.

    Waiting for your reply. Thank you.

    Reply
    1. Anudeep Durishetty Post author

      I joined a test series. Join one after you have finished the syllabus at least once.

      Reply
  96. Varsha

    Sir, is it really necessary to have discussions among friends for this preparation? does it really help? isnt it possible to work on own preparation. i was having discussions before with my friends, it had actually put me down and demoralised. that moment i totally lose hopes..

    Reply
    1. Anudeep Durishetty Post author

      Some find it useful, I never did. I did not have any discussions.

      Reply
    1. Anudeep Durishetty Post author

      Haven’t written any GS 1 tests in my test series. So sorry.

      Reply
  97. Amitha Devadiga

    Hello, Mr. Durishetty. Congratulation on being AIR 1 CSE 2017 and I appreciate you sharing your strategies and answering the questions.

    Have you not referred India year book for your preparation? Or has it lost its sheen as a CSE source?

    Reply
    1. Anudeep Durishetty Post author

      Haven’t referred it. It’s not relevant to CSE preparation now.

      Reply
  98. Anonymous

    Can I use sparkle pen (except red and green) to write headings?

    Reply
    1. Anudeep Durishetty Post author

      You can, but you won’t have so much time to switch between pens.

      Reply
    1. Anudeep Durishetty Post author

      After you finish the syllabus at least once.

      Reply
      1. Vertika

        Sir would it be enough to write mock for mains after prelims ? or should one write mocks even before prelims?
        Also, sir what should be the range of marks in mocks to know that performance is at UPSC level?
        Thank you

        Reply
  99. Mangat Sorout

    Sir is it necessary to read all 2nd ARC reports ei RTI, E GOVERNANCE, CITIZEN CENTRIC GOVERNANCE, TERRORISM, FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT, LOCAL GOVERNANCE etc.
    please tell me how to read them sir because they are of more then 300 pages each reports. Some has more than 600 pages.
    Thanks

    Reply
    1. Anudeep Durishetty Post author

      If you find them too daunting, read and memorise only recommendations.

      Reply
  100. Priyanka Das

    Hi Anudeep,
    First congratulations on your amazing journey and success
    My question is, you did not mention much about Medieval History,
    i read the book once, will it make that much of a difference if i do not make notes from it?
    Thank you.
    Regards,
    Priyanka Das.

    Reply
    1. Anudeep Durishetty Post author

      There will hardly be more than two questions in Prelims from Medieval part. No need to make notes. Highlight important segments and revise them. That’s enough.

      Reply
  101. Anonymous

    sir, i have a doubt, could you please specifically tell me how many years of current affairs knowledge should an aspirant have as per the upsc cse 2019 examinations.

    Reply
  102. pranjal tripathi

    “China is using its economic relations and positive trade surplus as tools to develop potential military power status in Asia.”In the light of this statement,discuss its impact on India as her neighbour,

    sir can u tell in such ques how to proceed as word limit is very less.
    Should we in introduction part write in brief about china economic policies like OROB and affect of positive trade surplus like dumping steel in other countries and then proceed to body.
    OR
    should we directly write affect of China’s economic policies and trade surplus in the body part and write just one line intro and one line conclusion.

    Reply
  103. Anonymous

    Sir, the book list you shared for prelims preparation(geography), is it sufficient for mains and do we have to read entire NCERT book of class 11th and class 12th (geography) or have we to cover only the topics mentioned in mains gs paper 1 syllabus for geography?

    Reply
  104. Anonymous

    Sir, how many reports we have to read for entire UPSC preparation, please share which reports one has to read and have we to memorize reports entirely or some part of it like recommendations,facts etc

    Reply
  105. Anonymous

    Congratulations sir for your success, I want to know do we have to study entire Ramesh Singh for Indian Economy in general studies paper 3 as you didn’t mention selective reading in front of that book.Which topics need to be covered from Ramesh Singh after reading basic Ncert

    Reply
  106. riteshkumar singh

    Sir i am in 1st year degree program of engg in mumbai university..i want to know how can i start from now onwards…??please sir help me out

    Reply
  107. Anonymous

    Hello sir, do we have to prepare current affairs of 2 years if one has to appear in UPSC 2019 and what is the source of current affairs of 2 years. Thanking You

    Reply
  108. Prabhjeet Kaur

    WOW…..your dedication to help out other aspirants is amazing……i could sense that you will prove yourself to a dedicated officer…..
    ALL THE BEST……..

    Reply
  109. ritu

    sir how to manage time between Optional and gs????
    i mean yearly schedule????

    Reply
  110. Anonymous

    sir what is the ideal time table you followed everyday during upsc preparation

    Reply
  111. Anonymous

    Sir if you have to choose between norman lowe and arjun dev for covering world history for gs-1mains, which one would you pick?

    Reply
  112. Kajal

    For Covering One book how much time it should take??? I think I’m going too slow A for covering Geo 1 single book M taking 4 to 5 days… As my tym Is also going in coaching… But I take my coaching as direction..

    Reply
  113. Rashi Kashyap

    Sir would you please write something about your meditation .. iam begginner and i want to start my preparation with newspaper reading and meditation,please sir…

    Reply
  114. Anonymous

    sir please can you provide us anthro study material?
    please sir,,thank you sir!

    Reply
  115. Kajal

    Hi…
    Can u please clear my doubt … In interview is it necessary to be brush up with our graduation tooooo

    Reply
  116. Muthu

    Bro, I am able to complete just 8 pages in an hour when I study a new material ? Am I too slow or is it the same for everyone. I feel like I am too slow.
    Can you share us how much pages you were able to complete in an hour ?
    Just to feel content.
    Thanks.

    Reply
    1. Anudeep Durishetty Post author

      Eight is too low a number. The ideal number of pages one should read varies depending on the topic at hand.

      Instead of having a fixed number, focus on improving the reading speed consistently no matter at what level you are at right now.

      Reply
  117. nikhil bhadake

    Hellow sir,i am electrical third year student and i have started preparation for cse but i am confused that should i 1st make all sub books list or take 1 sub and make list of that one sub only then complete that sub and then look for other,so what should i do?

    Reply
  118. Atul Kumar

    Dear Sir..it is most valuable for me and also I want some more guidance !!!

    Reply
  119. neeraj meena

    Sir, their is lot of material to prepare for mains and I am confused about how to revise them later…as going through the same again would take lot of time. So, should I make short notes of everything that I read or something else? what is your strategy of revision?
    Thanks!!

    Reply
  120. Anonymous

    Hi Sir,

    I am 28 years old & doing a job & never think about CSE,when I saw your FB page your journey revenue officer to IAS officer ……..Now i inspired from you & want to start preparation for CSE.Any Idea how to start this journey to become IAS.I know its difficult taksk….but you always saying small takes always make you for BIG task…pls guide me

    Reply
  121. Nikhil bhadake

    Hellow sir, i am third year electrical engineering student and i just have started preparing for UPSC.i want to ask u that some upsc aspirant used to read all ncert books from 6 to 12.is it useful to read all books or of a particular subject? If yes then what is its importance and of which sub i read them and of which std. Please help me sir your help will make me to proceed forward. Please guide me sir.

    Reply
    1. Anudeep Durishetty Post author

      I’ve answered this elsewhere in one of the comments.

      Reply
  122. Anonymous

    Congratulations sir for your success, sir I think the book list shared by you is amazing, thank you sir for sharing your book list with us. Sir please help me this question,. You mentioned for economy we have to read Indian Economy by Ramesh Singh, do we have to read full Ramesh singh for general studies. Anybody can feel confident for UPSC after reading your posts

    Reply
  123. Bharath Reddy

    Upsc mains Query. Hi anna! Congratulations for your success anna:)
    Please help me with my doubt about current affairs in mains exam bro.
    From your experience, is it enough to gain knowledge of current affairs of the preceding 1 year for mains exam? As in , if i’m writing mains in september 2018….if it enough to practice answers for topics and issues of current affairs between september 2017 and september 2018?

    Reply
    1. Anudeep Durishetty Post author

      Given the recent pattern, prepare for two years of current affairs.

      Reply
  124. Abhinav Reddy

    Hi, Anudeep. Congratulations on the feat ! 🙂

    I have three queries with regard to answer writing.

    (This will be my first shot at the Mains examination)

    1. Apropos GS, is it safe to presume that the examiner will be in the know of abbreviations (bigger ones, especially), considering the time it would take to pen down the expansion? Say, a CPGRAMS or a PAHAL or a NCRWC…

    2. Can diagrams/flowcharts be incorporated in essays?

    3. Finally, Points or Paragraphs? Will it really make a difference? Be it GS or Optional….

    Thank you! 🙂

    Reply
  125. Pranjal

    Dear sir,
    First of all many many congratulations! , You are a true inspiration to us.😊
    Sir, I am a engineering student , how do you used tac kle with your engineering subjects during your graduation. I mean how do you used to study during your graduation?😋

    Your experience and suggestion will be very helpful for us.
    Thank you! 😍

    Reply
  126. Anonymous

    Hello sir. It really feel so overwhelming that successful aspirants like you are trying to help out others alot. I’m a Msc final year student and planing to give upsc exam in 2020. I need your guidance in following
    A) Sometimes i think coaching is very necessary but at other time i get frightened by the thought of living in Delhi as it is not considered safe
    B) I’m currently preparing at home but I’m unable to keep consistency. Like 7 days before I used to study 4 5 hours a day and now I’m not even studying 1 hour.
    C) how to make crisp notes. I made 20 pages notes of even 6th class geography.

    Reply
    1. RAGHU R

      Hi, here is my appropriate suggestions as an aspirants like you.
      A) Since if you are go for coaching classes, please go and join and make a good friend circle.
      B) The surrounding environment should be those who are studying like us. Since you are the only one in home who is studying right now, you are not getting a good company for studies. so better go for Coaching classes.
      C) Before making the notes first read and understand the syllabus. then take down the notes accordingly in syllabus particularly not more than 200 or 250 words in each concept. because your answer in paper should be limited to 200 or 250 words.

      Extra tips:
      Do not read too many books but at the same time understand the concept in the books.
      Focus more on Essay, Ethics and optional paper which will fetch you max marks in mains
      Prelims- solve as many number of questions as possible and thus improve the concepts.
      News- Do not read too much news articles, but continuously solve questions publish on insightsonindia.com which helps you to understand how the questions will be asked from current affairs.

      Reply
  127. sumit

    Dear Sir,

    You have said that you do not makes notes for current affair and revise directly from source(insights/civildaily) and revise their weekly compilation and make mental notes. Sir i want to ask then how you revise current affair on exam time(last one month) or in subsequent times during year long preparation ?

    Reply
  128. Anonymous

    Thanks for your posts sir
    sir you mentioned that after reading spectrum for modern India we have to read Bipin Chandra India’s struggle for independence for topics not covered in spectrum.I am a beginner in this preparation, kindly sir tell which chapters to read from bipin chandra struggle for independence, can you make a post on this

    Reply
  129. devesh singh

    Hi Anudeep !!!
    congratulation on your success over inner battle.

    can you please provide link of your Evernote .it would be very helpfull.

    thanks

    Reply
  130. Anonymous

    Thank you so much sir, you’re sharing valuable information and guiding us. Today I saw this blog and all the very very best for your endeavors

    Reply
  131. Mamatha

    Sir.. can you please help me to find out anybody wrote English as their mains optional & which books for reference

    Reply
    1. Anudeep Durishetty Post author

      AIR 26 Anjali S had English as her optional. Search for her optional strategy on the internet.

      Reply
  132. PRABHASH KUMAR

    Hii sir, in these days, i’m preparing for mains answer writing, i follow all the strategy, as per the question demands but when i look back my answer, it seems an incomplete answer, i’m not satisfied with my answer, so plz help me sir!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! how to develop my writing skills ???

    Reply
    1. Anudeep Durishetty Post author

      Join any online initiative like Insights Secure etc. You get to see good answers from other aspirants. Learn and improve from them.

      Reply
  133. Sruthi Kommaddi

    Hi Anudeep garu , all the best for your FOUNDATION COURSE.

    Can you please clarify me how to interpret directive words given in the question such as examine, critically examine, evaluate, discuss etc
    Thanks

    Reply
  134. teja

    Hi Anudeep Garu, Can you please mention important chapters in World History from the TextBook you have referred above?

    Thanks!

    Reply
  135. Rebica thokchom

    Upto which do i have to read current affairs newspaper particularly for pre and mains resoectively please reply sir

    Reply
  136. Rebica thokchom

    Upto which month do i have read newsoaper and current affairs for pre and mains

    Reply
  137. santhosh kumar

    Sir firstly best wishes for your hard work !

    Sir i want to write in telugu medium can you give me information of best telugu materials and handwritten notes for prelims&mains.

    Reply
  138. Anonymous

    Its vague, but can you tell which pen you use? Even in notes your writing is exceptional

    Reply
  139. pooja

    thanks a lot sir..ur a great personality..rare combination of humbleness and talent.
    sir i m in a dilemma if u can pls advice ..i m preparing from my hometown n completely isolated..no mentor, guide or anything..the only source i have to interact with world is the internet(hav taken room away from home to avoid disturbances) ..whether i should shift to delhi? sometimes feel like having a group of people around doing same thing can help to maintain continuity which is really becoming difficult for me here..but i have a child (5yr. & i go to meet every alternate night & come back early morning)..should i shift to delhi..pls advice..thanks

    Reply
    1. Anudeep Durishetty Post author

      Refer to my post no Coaching. I’d answered this question.

      Reply
  140. Anonymous

    Greetings sir!!

    I’m pursuing Btech final in NIT Kurukshetra from ECE.
    I got placed in Campus recruitment but my ambition is to become an IAS officer.

    Presently,my family is financially not at all stable.

    So can you please suggest me whether I’ve to join a company and prepare paralelly for upsc(is it possible) or do you want me not to join company to focus only on the upsc whole year.

    Your reply means a lot to me.

    Reply
  141. Anonymous

    Hello sir. I am very comfortable writing with fountain pen(ink pen) since my childhood. Can I use this pen to write the mains?

    Reply
  142. Balaji

    Thanks for all the valuable information!!

    Expecting U keep us Thinking on all small things in preparation and make our learning a Joy.

    Thanks.

    Reply
  143. Baskar IAS

    Sir i am upsc exam prepare in tamil so which ever idea pls i am 1 attempt clear for

    Reply
  144. Veereshwari Sk

    Sir,

    can you please guide on how to read world history effectively? Considering the kind of questions asked from world history.

    Any videos you would suggest to make the learning easy?

    I find it really confusing and I end up mixing up events, countries etc. 😀

    Thank you!

    Reply
    1. Anudeep Durishetty Post author

      Revision is the only way to master factual content like World History. And do refer to the book I suggested in this post.

      Reply
  145. shibili

    Thanks a lot. The way you wrote the answers are really inspiring me. I just wanted ask you one thing. Is it the same way you have dealt with GS1 as well( I mean, was it little more explanatory) ?

    To be honest, Aap mera upsc guru banchukahum!

    Reply
    1. Anudeep Durishetty Post author

      My answer writing style was similar for all the GS papers.

      Reply
  146. sreedevi

    Sir, Would you be kind enough to provide link to the CCRT material you referred

    Reply
  147. Anonymous

    Hello sir….I want to ask how you decide what is important from exam point of view and put them into notes making….and how many times we have to read a book before note making?? Thanks in advance sir….and congrats on ur sensational achievement….

    Reply
  148. naman sood

    i never wrote essay during my school life? will i be able to write essay in mains? is there any relevancy?

    Reply
  149. Rajasekhar

    Dear Anudeep,
    Did you read the whole book for World History or only the topics mentioned in the syllabus?

    Reply
  150. Krishna Mohan Sah

    Sir, some people say , it takes one year to understand the secret of civil services exam syllabus. Sir plz say the secret if it is so.

    Reply
  151. POLURU LEKHASREE

    Hi sir!

    1.What was the application used by you for making online notes?

    2. What are some of the nonfiction books you would personally suggest?

    Reply
    1. Anudeep Durishetty Post author

      1. Evernote.
      2. I answered this query elsewhere on the blog. Please find.

      Reply
  152. TAMTAM SIDHARTHA

    Firstly tq for your awesome information sir…!!
    Sir, i started my preparation this year presently iam appearing b.tech 2nd year.. I started preparation towards mains, is it correct way?? And will it covers prelims too?? I wanna to choose mathematics as my optional subject is it ok or based on which i should choose optional subject??
    Please kindly reply me sir……

    Reply
  153. TAMTAM SIDHARTHA

    Please annaya reply to my queries if you have free time….

    Reply
  154. Anonymous

    sir, can you please share your idea about answer writing in MAINS
    ?

    Reply
  155. suman sourabh

    Hi sir, very helpful post.
    One question, in your answer sheets, you have been using a lot of arrows to save words. Also you are using a lot of incomplete sentences, (Economic survey -> 10.6 million workforce enters every year).

    Is it okay in final exam? Sure it is more easy to comprehend. But it is a little informal.

    please enlighten me.

    thanks a lot and all the best for future endeavours.

    Reply
    1. Anudeep Durishetty Post author

      Yes, it’s okay. Time is of essence in Mains.

      Reply
  156. Anonymous

    Listen people he’s busy with his foundation course so instead of coming up with fancy questions which happens during or pre preparation so instead use your intuition and along with that he has answered everything that has to be done in his articles so first do this much..everything else will fall into its place

    Reply
      1. Anonymous

        Hmm.. :)…This anonymous understands your situation and aspirants who are just beginning them also well.. As I’m preparing for Indian economic service and CSE both on my own..so….
        Goodluck Anudeep :)..

        Pooja

        Reply
  157. Mangesh

    Sir thanks for detailed information

    I working as Technician in BHILAI STEEL PLANT having mechanical Engg. background
    Please suggest any optional subject except Engg.

    Have a great days ahead.

    Reply
  158. baskar

    Sir upsc exam Tamil mains prepare then ur advice for my studys then I am very poor pls to help upsc exam 1 attempt clear some ask pls help sir I am govt school pls ur guide pls

    Reply
  159. baskar

    Sir polity full book learning pannanuma so important article pls tell me sir

    Reply
  160. Anonymous

    Sir your guidance is very useful.. thanks a lot sir. I am your big fan sir…

    Reply
  161. Syed

    Sir i have started my preparation now for 2019 examination n that too without attending coaching. Is it possible for me to complete the syllabus n revise the things ??

    Reply
  162. Anonymous

    Sir please help in regard to how to approach answer writing for different type of questions asked in mains. Does generic approach suffice?

    Reply
  163. Anonymous

    Hello sir,….congrats on ur success firstly….sir I want to ask how u managed current affairs….I mean on a particular article in newspaper u won’t get the whole info about that particular topic….nd how u used them in answers ….plz throw some light sir….thanks in advance for ur kind behaviour on this platform sir….

    Reply
  164. Anonymous

    Wow!! I can’t explain your effort …… U are such a great inspiration.. please wish me good luck… I really feel u as a good human being with such helpful nature

    Reply
  165. Ganesh Koilada

    No words to explain your kindness , Thanks a lot Anudeep ji for motivation and valuable information !

    Reply
  166. Anonymous

    Anudeep sir,
    First of all many many congratulations for your achievement and thanks for sharing in details regarding your preparation cum strategy.Hope you will do good for the nation as you have already fixed or not.
    Sir, I have already tried to go through the books and sources as you mentioned also.I have a little bit of confussio for the topic ‘WORLD HISTORY’ for G.S-1.As per many sources I get some books,you know like Norman LOwe’s book’,Arjun Dev’s book etc.I picked up the Norman Lowe’s book but I fell this one beyond my comprehenssion , So, I give up this book.Any way a book is suggested by you also sir.It’s huge, but is this book sufficent for the topic of ‘WORLD HISTORY’?
    Please suggest me some instructions for this particular topic- (world history).
    Need your blessings along with your good wishes to get the success in UPSC,though I am not a brilliant boy as like you sir.But I have the desire to do the same.

    Shri Debajit Kalita
    An aspirent to join Indian Civil Service (doing self-study)

    Reply
  167. preeya

    Thanks a lot for this post.It covered every aspect comprehensively.I was just looking at your answer copies and I noticed they aren’t checked.I am asking this question because I have finished my syllabus once and have been looking forward to join Forumias MAINS test series.I don’t want to regret later.Therefore kindly guide.

    Reply
  168. Pranitha

    Hi Anudeep! Heartfelt gratitude for this post..I have read through your other posts also, and they are exceptional, esp the one for fallen warriors. I know you are totally occupied with your foundation course et all, yet I’d be obliged if you answer my query. I am consistently overshooting the time limit during mains answer writing practice to unnacceptable levels, and my handwriting is outright ghastly! Other than practice, pleease give me other tips that would help me speed up things.

    Thanks again!

    Reply
  169. Anonymous

    Anudeep sir, please recommend sources for stats, examples,anecdotes,relevant judgements, committee reports,inovative solutions.

    Reply

Leave a Comment